How Do I Install Emergency Lighting on the Premises?
Emergency lighting is usually required to work automatically, give ample illumination and also provide sufficient emergency lighting of a high intensity to enable all residents to evacuate the building safely in times of fires. Most new constructions have emergency lighting already installed during construction; the exact design and kind of emergency lighting being specified according to the local architect according to current local building and electrical code requirements.
However, old buildings are usually built according to BS 5266 emergency lighting regulations, which are designed to ensure maximum safety for personnel and critical circumstances. It is important for developers to understand that these regulations must be adhered to strictly in order to make the buildings as fire resistant as possible.
Fire protection for premises is one of the most essential requirements for any business. This is especially true when an emergency lighting system is required for occupied premises. It is essential that the right kind of emergency lighting system should be installed on occupied premises. This is to ensure maximum protection of the lives of the inhabitants. These regulations form part of the BS 5266 building regulations.
Power or Electricity
Such standards ensure that adequate illumination is provided even in the absence of power or electricity.The main objectives of the British standard are to make sure that buildings are fireproof, and provide sufficient safety for the inhabitants. In terms of emergency lighting systems, the main safety regulations are contained in the following paragraph.
Any installation, structure, location, room, building or area where there is entry or exit from such premises shall be clearly marked, and an emergency lighting system shall be fitted in such a manner as to comply with this Part. In addition, all lights used shall be British standard size.Fire escape route lighting is required at all exits including emergency exit. It is recommended that an emergency lighting system with two lights should be installed at the front and rear of the building or facility.
All emergency escape routes must be visible and easy to find. A fire exit signs should be placed at suitable locations inside and outside the building.Fire emergency lighting consists of three main types. The first of these emergency lighting types is known as emergency escape lighting. This emergency lighting system consists of five emergency lighting fittings, namely, the fire bell, the fire stair light and the fire pinion.
Interior Side of The Building
The emergency lighting fittings are fixed onto the outside wall of the building, and provide illumination while a person is trying to exit the building during a fire. The fire bell and the stair light is usually installed on the interior side of the building. The fire stair light is installed on the lowest floor of the building.
Emergency path lighting refers to the emergency lighting fixtures that allow people to escape the building in case of emergency. These fixtures include the emergency exit, emergency path and emergency alcove lights. These lights are meant to be installed on the building’s roof, interior walls or any other place where people will have easy access.
The emergency path lights are meant to be fixed on the interior side of the building. The emergency alcove light is meant to be installed on the external side of the building.In case of water evacuations, the emergency lighting system is meant to alert occupants of the premises to evacuate the premises immediately. The emergency evacuation light consists of red directional lights, which flash before the occupants and alert them of the imminent water evacuation.
The emergency path light consists of green directional lights that point to the emergency escape paths, which the occupants use to evacuate the building. If the fire alarms are in place in the premise, the fire department will also sound an alarm in the event of an emergency evacuation of the premises.As specified in the Fire Safety Regulations, the exterior of the building should be well lighted and installed with emergency exit signs and emergency lighting equipment.
This will help the occupants to know the exit routes to take immediately in case of emergency. The regulations specifies the minimum number of lights required and the locations within the premise, which the lights should be installed. You should seek professional advice, if you are not clear on these issues.